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UN Women together with the Government through the Ministry of Women and Social Affairs (MoWSA) have significant advancements towards new policy developments and /or revision of the existing ones to match with the developments in the country.
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This policy brief highlights the main findings of four academic research papers on the Women, Peace and Security (WPS) agenda that were presented during a workshop organized by UN Women Ethiopia Country Office in December 2021. The findings focus on protection of women from conflict-related sexual violence; gender-sensitive recovery programs; role of women human rights defenderds in supporting the WPS agenda; and awareness of Members of Parliament on the agenda.
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UNWomen, in collaboration with International Medical Corps (IMC), has been implementing a Programme on Women’s Empowerment in Sexual, Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, and Child and Adolescent Health (SRMNCAH) Rights (POWER) in humanitarian settings in Gambella Region. The purpose of the action research is to document the progress on the SRMNCAH programme implemented in the humanitarian setting, lessons learned from it, gaps in it and efforts required for it. The findings will better inform UN Women and partners working in a humanitarian setting on the current progress and the efforts required to improve SRMNCAH services in the refugee and host communities.
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The study's overarching aim is to provide reliable estimates of the economic costs of IPV in Ethiopia. The research underscores the high costs of IPV for women, households, the government, and the broader society of Ethiopia. By examining the impact on both the individual and society, the study highlights the tangible and intangible costs associated with VAWG more broadly, which can greatly help to inform policy and economic priorities.
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The current drought response in Ethiopia is being scaled up across sectors, including food security, nutrition assistance, provision of safe water and sanitation, and livelihood protection. In addition, other urgent humanitarian assistance to drought- stricken areas such as agriculture and livestock support for pastoralist communities are also being increased. Nonetheless, the needs of women and girls may not be met due to a number of compounding factors such as the breakdown of key services which are critical to the health, protection, and recovery of women and girls; weakened informal and formal protection and accountability mechanisms; disrupted livelihoods, increased displacement, power imbalances, and limited access to resources.
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The assessment offers a series of measures for re forming Ethiopian law to ensure that laws are gender sensitive and more effective at ensuring gender equal ity and non-discrimination. Most notable is that a total of 5 laws or provisions must be repealed in whole or in part; 26 laws must be revised or amended and two (2) new laws must be enacted to bring Ethiopia’s legislative framework in line with its regional and international obligations on gender equality and women’s empowerment. The report also emphasizes the need to prioritize the implementation of national laws that comply with gender equality standards, and in this context, recommends one policy measure to ensure that laws fully deliver on women’s rights
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This study builds on UN Women’s achievements and experience in supporting women and girls during the COVID pandemic within the East and Southern Africa Region and other parts of the world.
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UN Women amplified women’s role in the COVID-19 response highlighting the significant leadership roles women played in leading the response efforts in materials on COVID-19 prevention disseminated in local languages and hand washing facilities were constructed in 6 elementary schools. 528 returnee migrant women workers from the Middle East and domestic workers across Addis Ababa have been provided with basic sanitation and hygiene training and raising awareness on the disproportionate impact of COVID-19 on women, girls, and vulnerable and marginalized groups.
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This analytical study covered ten countries in the region and looked at issues of access to justice for women and girls in East and Southern Africa.
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The review indicated that Ethiopia has not only ratified many of the conventions and treaties related to refugees and asylum seekers, but also formalized these laws into its Constitution and in the national Refugee Proclamation. However, a closer analysis of the health sector focusing on sexual, reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health (SRMNCAH) services to women and girls in the humanitarian settings, the laws, policies, strategies, guidelines, programs, and plans of the sector indicated a clear gap.
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Women’s leadership and increased participation in decision-making will be a cornerstone to sustain democratic values and enhance crisis management. Bold and ambitious change is needed. The pandemic must not in any way hinder the bold action needed for addressing gender equality and action is needed right now. The pandemic should not be a deterrent for equality and for all types of women’s participation.
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This continental study provides a contextual analysis of the forced displacement of women and girls in Africa based on first hand data from field visits made to the Central African Republic, Ethiopia, and Nigeria. The analysis provides the key priority considerations for the realisation of durable solutions for refugees, IDPs and returnees in Africa and makes recommendations for actions by the AU, Member States and relevant stakeholders within the context of AGA and APSA.
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Gender Sensitive Conflict Reporting is not an area well developed in Ethiopia. Conflict reporting has either been gender blind at best, or at worst, perpetuated stereotypes, and harmful narratives. UN Women in collaboration with Ethiopian Media Authority has developed a guideline that will be useful as a reference for journalists working in different media. After the development of the guideline, journalists have been trained and the guideline has been disseminated. It is believed the guideline will help journalists to reflect an accurate portrayal of gender in their reporting. It is also designed as a practical and go-to reference guideline.
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An assessment of the gender responsiveness of COVID-19 related prevention, response and recovery measures adopted in Ethiopia, with recommendations on how the gaps and constraints can be alleviated and potential priorities during the recovery phase.
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This policy paper highlights the emerging lessons and key priority actions drawn from UN Women–led child marriage programs in Malawi and Zambia that will be instructive to existing and future interventions across Africa. The paper is also timely as it recognizes the need for deliberate actions to ensure that COVID-19 does not reverse the gains made to end child marriages in Africa.
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The publication presents UN Women Ethiopia key results on Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment (GEWE). It highlights thevaluable collaboration with government institutions, development partners, regional organisations, UN Agencies and CSOs as key approach for GEWE’s accomplishments.
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The crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic must be viewed with a gendered lens to protect women and girls and address the increase in VAWG during this pandemic. In Ethiopia, this can be accomplished with accelerated and concerted efforts of the Government and the United Nations, in partnership with other development agencies and national civil society organizations. This Policy brief presents overview of the increased in GBV in Ethiopia and give recommendations on measures to be taken to address the issue.
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A statistical analysis based on existing data sources of gender inequality in Ethiopia.
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In 2016, the fourth Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) was conducted at the request of the government, in particular the Ministry of Health and was implemented by the Central Statistical Agency (CSA); this 2016 EDHS included a VAW module for the first time in the history of EDHS at the request of the Ministry of Women, Children, and Youth Affairs.
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VAW is recognized as both a cause and consequence of gender inequality, and is a major obstacle to women and girls’ enjoyment of human rights and their full participation in society and the economy. The findings of the 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey show that more than 1 out of 4 (26%) women age 14-59 experienced physical and/or sexual violence since the age of 15 in Ethiopia.