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The policy paper assesses the state of Gender Based Violence (GBV) in Africa in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Informed by evidence from the five African Union (AU) regions, it outlines some of the initiatives implemented in AU Member States. The paper also proposes recommendations towards multi-sectoral response and recovery efforts that address GBV as well as the related needs of women and girls in Africa.
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For Tanzania, the gender gap was substantial: an elimination of the gender gap in agricultural productivity in Tanzania would increase agricultural production by 30 per cent. Closing the gap could raise the country’s gross domestic product by $105 million (T Sh 210 billion) and lift 80,000 people out of poverty each year over a 10-year period. This study differs from its predecessor in that it takes a qualitative rather than quantitative approach to the subject. In its attempt to find underlying causes of the gender gap, the study conducted extensive interviews with 547 women and men in 19 farming villages in rural Tanzania. That is, it moves beyond merely establishing that a gender gap exists in Tanzanian agriculture to explain why it exists and what steps can be taken to reduce and eliminate this gap.