Nigeria (officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria), is a federal constitutional republic comprising 36 states and its Federal Capital Territory, Abuja. The country is located in West Africa and shares land borders with the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroun in the east, and Niger in the north. Its coast in the south lies on the Gulf of Guinea on the Atlantic. The three largest and most influential ethnic groups in Nigeria are the Hausa, Igbo, and Yoruba. In terms of religion Nigeria is roughly split half and half between Muslims and Christians with a very small minority who practice traditional religion
The people of Nigeria have an extensive history. Archaeological evidence shows that human habitation of the area dates back to at least 9000 BCE. The area around the Benue and Cross River is thought to be the original homeland of the Bantu migrants who spread across most of central and southern Africa in waves between the 1st millennium BCE and the 2 millennium. The name Nigeria was taken from the Niger River running through the country. This name was coined by Flora Shaw, the future wife of Baron Lugard, a British colonial administrator, in the late 19th century.
Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa, the seventh most populous country in the world, and the most populous country in the world in which the majority of the population is black. It is listed among the “Next Eleven” economies, and is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. The economy of Nigeria is one of the fastest growing in the world, with the International Monetary Fund projecting a growth of 9% in 2008 and 8.3% in 2009. The IMF further projects an 8% growth in the Nigerian economy in 2011.
UN Women in Nigeria
In Nigeria, UN Women’s work on policies and programs alongside a range of partners focuses on four key result areas that have the potential to transform the gender equality landscape of the country, including, Expanding Women’s Voice, Leadership and Participation; Women’s Economic Empowerment; Preventing Violence Against Women and Girls and Expanding Access to Service; and Increasing Women's Leadership in Peace, Security and Humanitarian Response. UN Women in Nigeria supports the revision of discriminatory laws, regulation policies, systems and practices at national and local levels, as well as the development and implementation of a gender policy within the police forces of Nigeria to enhance the protection of women and girls against sexual and gender-based violence. UN Women is also participating in a DGD-funded governance program, to strengthen women’s participation in democratic governance through enhancing their political and public consciousness as well as political accountability on gender equality and women’s human rights.
Ongoing Programmes :
- Women and Democracy in Nigeria under DGD
- Women in Informal Cross Trade in Africa